The people have been trying to understand the nature and natural phenomena for uclear force since the discovery of nucleus in 19th century.
The nuclei at far away from beta-stability line show variety of structure. The nuclear structure of nuclei on or beyond Neutron Drip-Line on light mass region is an interesting area. Other nuclear phenomena such as dynamics of magic number, halo structure, co-existence of the spherical and deformed shapes, etc. The exotic properties of drip-line nuclei are the main focus of nuclear physics community theoretically as well as experimentally. The synthesis of long-lived super-heavy nuclei up to Z = 118 has increased the interest of the nuclear scientific community to explore the limit of the elements as well as the Island of stability in super-heavy mass region of the nuclear landscape.
The understanding of formation of nuclei after the big-bang is big scientific challenge. The process of formation of nuclei at extreme conditions of temperature and pressure is called nucleosynthesis. The light nuclei are produced immediately after the big-bang. The scientific community is making efforts to achieve such extreme conditions in the laboratory. The light nuclei below Fe are formed at the core of star and above Fe are formed by slow neutron capture (s-process) during the life of star and rapid neutron capture (r-process) process at the last few seconds of the life of star.
The Nuclear Physics group at Rayat Bahra University, Mohali is working on ground state properties of nuclei and the abundances of light nuclei produced during Big-Bang as function parameters such as baryon density, number of effective neutrino, etc. The investigations are make theoretically in the Department of Physics.
The students interested in Nuclear Physics, Nuclear Astrophysics, Condensed Matter Physics and Applied Physics can join the Department for Master of Science (M. Sc.) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) programs.