M.Sc. (Botany) is the scientific study of plants, or multicellular organisms, that carry on photosynthesis. Botanists examine both the internal functions and processes within plant organelles, cells, tissues, whole plants, plant populations and plant communities. At each of these levels, a botanist may be concerned with the classification of plant life. Modern botany is a broad, multidisciplinary subject with inputs from most other areas of science and technology. Various Research topics in the field of Botany cover a wide range of Scientific disciplines that include the study of Plant sctructure, Growth and Differentiation, Reproduction, Metabolism, Biochmistry, Diseases, Systematics & Plant taxonomy, Ecology, Chemical properties and Evolutionary relationships between different groups. Dominant themes in 21st century plant science are Molecular genetics and Epigenetics, which are the mechanisms and control of gene expression during differentiation of plant cells and tissues. The study of plants is important because they are primary producers and a fundamental part of life on earth, generating food, oxygen, fuel, medicine and fibers that allow other life forms to exist.
SUBDISCIPLINES OF BOTANY
- Agronomy and Crop Science: This is an agricultural science dealing with field crop production and soil management.
- Algology and Phycology: is the study of algae.
- Bacteriology: is the study of bacteria (also considered part of microbiology).
- Bryology: is the study of mosses and liverworts.
- Mycology: is the study of fungi.
- Paleobotany: is the study of plant fossils.
- Plant Anatomy and Physiology:is the study of the structure and function of plants.
- Plant Cell Biology: is the study of the structure and function of cells.
- Plant Genetics: is the study of genetic inheritance in plants. Plant Pathology: is the study of diseases in plants.
- Pteridology: is the study of ferns and their relatives.