Helping hands towards optimal health: PHYSIOTHERAPY
- October 24, 2017
- Posted by: Rayat Bahra
- Category: Health & Fitness
It is widely believed that Physiotherapy techniques were used as far back as 460BC, when early physicians such as Hippocrates practiced elements of Physiotherapy like manual therapy and massage.
“Criticism may not be agreeable, but it is necessary. It fulfills the same function as pain in the human body.It calls attention to an unhealthy state of things”.
Physiotherapy has been developing since then to become what it is today… a science evolved from evidence based research enabling physiotherapists to provide the most effective form of treatment to their patients.
Physiotherapy is basically the science of diagnosing and treating injuries or diseases by using mostly physical means. The main aim is to reduce pain and minimize dysfunction by using evidence based techniques. Physiotherapy encompasses rehabilitation, injury prevention and health promotion/fitness. The profession employs a holistic approach to treatment, looking at the patient’s lifestyle and engaging them in their own treatment. Physiotherapy encompasses all areas of the lifespan from infants to the elderly in areas such as musculoskeletal, orthopedics, rheumatology, respiratory, neurology, sports injuries and women’s/men’s health.
“Just because the process hurt, doesn’t mean the results won’t be beautiful”
Aims of Physiotherapy
Physiotherapy provides benefits by use of a non-invasive approach. The Goals of Physiotherapy are to facilitate and maximize recovery and functional mobility following a musculoskeletal or neurological injury. Physiotherapy reaches these goals through.
Reduction of pain.
Acceleration in healing of injured
Maintenance or restoration of normal range of motion in affected joints.
Prevention of fibrosis or soft tissue contractures in injured, weak or paralyzed limbs.
Prevention of disuse atrophy during healing phases of neurological and musculoskeletal insults.
Improvement of strength and function in weak and paralyzed muscles.
Improved performance and quality of movement.
Positive psychological effects maximizing both pet and owner’s well-being.
Provision of individualized home care program to maximize functional mobility and prevent injury the owner, or further injury to the animal.
“Faster recovery & lasting results”.
Scope of Physiotherapy
Physiotherapy identifies and maximizes quality of life and movement potential by using the principles of promotion, prevention, treatment/intervention, habilitation and rehabilitation. This encompasses physical, psychological, emotional, and social well-being.
Physiotherapists are registered health practitioners who are educated to practice autonomously by applying scientific knowledge and clinical reasoning to assess, diagnose and manage human function.
The practice of physiotherapy is not confined to clinical practice, and encompasses all roles that a physiotherapist may assume such as patient/client care, health management, research, policy making, educating and consulting, wherever there may be an issue of public health and safety.
They once dealt mostly with simpler problems like neck or back aches and a few orthopedic, neurological and pediatric cases. Today, physiotherapists increasingly render their healing touch to nearly all branches of medicine, from plastic and general surgery to gynecology, and even sports medicine.
Physiotherapists are an integral part of patient care, including in the ICU. “The scope of (a physiotherapist’s) work has increased,” says Dr Dharmendra Kumar, director, Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Institute for the Physically Handicapped, New Delhi. “Now people come with complex problems. They have started reporting to physiotherapists as soon as a crisis occurs.” Rajeev Mehta, head, department of physiotherapy and rehabilitation, Apollo Hospital, Delhi, agrees,
“Being a Physiotherapist if you’re in pain, we are at hand”.
Branches of Physiotherapy:
Physiotherapy is a complex specialty, as it deals with all disciplines of medicine. Development in this field has resulted in a variety of sub-specialization.
1. Musculo-skeletal physiotherapy
The Musculo – Skeletal Physiotherapy is a branch, where application of physiotherapy is involved in the treatment of physical ailments concerned with structures surrounding the joint region such as Bones, Muscles, Ligaments and Bursa
Some of the conditions dealt in this branch are:
-Muscle pain, strain
-Ligament strain, sprain, tear Inability to walk
-Inflammation of tendons and bursa
-Joint pain , poor posture
-Joint inflammation in case of osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis
2. Cardio-Thoracic Physiotherapy
Cardio – Thoracic Physiotherapy, is concerned with the care of physical fitness of the heart and lungs. This treatment specializes in clearing away any chest secretions so as to enable an help an individual to breath more normally and help in adequate oxygen supply to the healing wound and the body.
Some of the conditions treated under this branch are :
-Increased chest secretions
-Other respiratory infections and conditions
-Any General surgery like
-Before and after Heart surgery
-Before and after the Lung surgery
-Intensive care unit care
3. Neurological Physiotherapy
Neurological Physiotherapy is concerned with the treatment arising from the problems in brain, Nerves of the brain, Spinal cord and nerves of the spinal cord.
Some of the conditions are:
-Spinal cord injury
-After a brain surgery
-All nerve injuries.
4 . Physiotherapy in Rehabilitation
Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation goes hand in hand. Rehabilitation is nothing but bringing back a physically disabled individual to near normal condition by using his maximum existing capacities. Rehabilitation in physiotherapy involves training and retraining of physical activity in a physically disabled individual.
Different types of rehabilitation where physiotherapy is involved:
-Geriatric/Old age Rehabilitation
-Amputee (person who has lost the limb) Rehabilitation
5.Physiotherapy in Obstetrics
Physiotherapy in obstetrics is concerned with postural care and physical fitness of women during pregnancy and after child birth.
Sports physiotherapy is specialized for sports persons. Guidance in sport activities like techniques of warming up period, cooling down period, guidance in lifting techniques and also treatment of sport injuries is dealt.
Some of the conditions under this are:
-Any Muscle spasm (pain and tightness of muscle)
-Ligament sprain, tear
-All other sport injury
7. Physiotherapy in fitness and postural care
This branch is concerned with guidance and care for physical fitness, good postural care and Body muscle built.
Some of the conditions dealt are:
-Poor Posture (Hunch back)
-Good muscle built
8. Pediatric Physiotherapy
This branch of physiotherapy treatment is for the children born with physical disabilities and also for the children undergoing any surgery, requiring physiotherapy care are dealt here.
Some of the conditions dealt here are:
1.Club foot Before and after a surgery (In case of congenital heart disease)
3.Fractures in children
4.Cerebral palsy (brain disorder affecting movement)
“Physiotherapy complements every branch of medicine.”
Author: Ms. Kajal Kaur,
Student BPT, USMAS, RBU